Role of social media in nursing practice: How do social media play a role in nursing practice in adult patient care?
Literature Review Topic: Role of social media in nursing practice: How do social media play a role in nursing practice in adult patient care? The structure is a Narrative Literature Review and can have a bit of systematic review with a quantitative and qualitative meta-analysis review if necessary. Please include a table of evidence (TOE) and a Prisma flow chart diagram. This Literature Review must include an ABSTRACT, INTRODUCTION, MAIN BODY AND CONCLUSION. The literature review must focus on a Nursing focus, such as the benefit of using social media to improve quality and safety of patients, reducing anxiety by providing access to expects, providing local support network and many more etc. Please identify key words that can be used for the literature search in the topic provided above. • Introduce your topic with reference to the literature / research and state if your chosen topic is an area that has been widely researched or not. The literature review is to focus on a nursing issue or have a nursing focus on your chosen topic. • State the purpose: for example …. Of this literature review is to. ….. • Provide a rationale for choosing this topic. • Identify how you went about gathering information, i.e. manual search and use of databases. • Identify the origin of articles selected and the type of research design e.g. descriptive / experimental research design studies. • Identify dates, i.e. last ten years • Identify search or key words used. Main Body of Literature Review (2,000 words) (60% of mark) • Define any terms that may be ambiguous within the text. • Provide headings for the main themes. The themes should reflect the recurring ideas that have emerged from the literature. • Critically review the relevant literature under each theme. • Outline briefly what you are going to focus on in each theme. • Provide a brief summary of the main points at the end of each theme before moving on to your next main heading. • Remember to review the literature focusing on the primary purpose of the literature review. • Anecdotal evidence should be used sparingly and clearly identified to the reader. In Literature Reviews It is Appropriate to: • Focus on the literature in detail to support the themes. • Link different research studies to support your point. The following are two examples of how this may be achieved: “Further evidence to support such claims is provided by Blogg’s (1998) study, which claims that…” OR “These findings are consistent with research carried out by Bloggs (1998) ….” • Critique individual research studies; the following format is a suggestion as to what to include in a critique of literature: 1. Author (year). 2. Type of study i.e. quantitative/ qualitative 3. Design of the study i.e. survey, correlation, experimental etc. 4. Number of participants/subjects. 5. Type of sample i.e. random/convenient. 6. Setting where the study was carried out i.e. a large teaching hospital in London, UK. 7. Aim of the study. 8. Methods used to collect data i.e. questionnaire, interview, observations etc. 9. Some information on the type of themes focused on and/or assessment tools utilised to measure the investigating phenomenon. 10. Validity of these tools. 11. Findings – a summary of the pertinent findings only. Refrain from long descriptive accounts. 12. Some discussion to follow on the relevance/importance of the findings to the area under investigation: What can be learned from this? 13. Strengths/weaknesses of the study build these into discussion as opposed to stating, “The strengths of this study are….” Link with another study if possible or introduce next theme. It is important to include all these areas when reviewing research studies in detail. You do not have to stick rigidly to the sequencing of the first six points, i.e. you might like to commence with the author (year) and the aim of the study. Then progress to the type of study, number of participants, etc. All other sections should follow in the sequences outlined above. The critical review of the literature must be followed by an overall conclusion. Conclusion (approximately 500 words) (15% of marks) • In your conclusion you may commence by stating the purpose of this literature review was to…. • Then provide a summary of all the different items that were discussed. • Remember you are recapping on the main points of your review so you do not introduce any new research/themes. • You can however make suggestions for further research to be carried out into certain aspects of your chosen topic. • Finish off with an overall concluding statement. • Be creative as this is only a guide. In Literature Reviews it is NOT appropriate to: 1. State your own opinions on the subject (unless you have evidence to support such claims). 2. 2. State what you think nurses should do (unless you have evidence to support such claims). Page 14 3. Provide long descriptive accounts of your subject with no reference to research studies. 4. Provide numerous definitions, signs/symptoms, treatment and complications of a particular illness without focusing on research studies to provide evidence and the primary purpose of the literature review. The Harvard system of referencing must be adhered to. • There is no minimum number of references but it would be expected that at least 15-20 papers are reviewed in detail and at least 10 -12 is used. You may also add other references to support your review. • It is expected that the use a fluent writing style, demonstrating clarity of thought with accurate grammar and spelling is used. Please use British English not USA. • Please adhere to the conventions of academic writing including use of the Harvard Referencing. The Guide Summary of Marks on Literature Review is as follows Abstract 5marks, Intro 10marks, Main Body 60marks, Conclusion 15marks and Academic Presentation 10marks. Total marks 100marks. PLEASE NOTE THAT ONLY 10-12 SOURCES SHOULD BE USED. OTHER SOURCES SEARCH IN THE PROCESS SHOULD BE LISTED AS A BIBLOGRAHY LIST SEPARATELY. THANKS
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